American manpower is under massive pressure, with change coming on multiple fronts. According to a new research paper demonstrates that indecision is the main cause that is leading towards social conflict.

Based on the study of Ball State University Center for Business and Economic Research, one out of four American jobs are unstable of being shipped overseas in the coming years and about half could be superseded by automation. The new paper reported, “How Vulnerable is American Communities to Automation, Trade, and Urbanization?” merging on different studies based on employment trends to present a stark view of the future job situation for certain parts of the country.

“Some places and people observe robust benefits while others observe primarily costs” from the changes underway, the researchers wrote. “This has important economic, social, and political implications.” The researchers also added that jobs are unstable of being replaced by automation that is of low income. The labours who are associated with jobs are the one who is at the risk of automation made an average of $38,00 a year.

Data entry-keyers, telemarketers and hand sewers were all in top 10 most automatable, and each had an average annual wage under $30,000.

The Authors wrote that fewer jobs are in danger of off shoring but it is more equally distributed on the income scale That’s partly because when a factory is automated, many positions, such as management, survive. Conversely, if a factory’s operations are shipped overseas, all of the jobs leave.

Jobs such as computer programmers, actuaries and statisticians were among the most offshorable, the researchers wrote. Those occupations have average annual wages of $80,000 or more.The researchers found little relationship between income and chance of offshoring.

The authors invite further research and policy-based discussions to address the transformation of the American workforce.”We do not wish to be alarmist,” the researchers wrote. “Both trade and automation related to economic growth are hallmarks of a vibrant economy. However, the social and political unease that accompanies large shocks with varying distributional inequities felt by workers in different occupations and with different skill levels is real.”